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Protecting Yourself and Clients Against Identity Theft
Identity theft is defined as the fraudulent possession and use of an individual's private, identifying information for financial gain. Unless the proper precautions are taken, anyone can be at risk—including you. As a title professional, it's important that you're aware of how identity theft occurs and how you can protect yourself and your clients against it, especially elderly consumers who may need additional support. In title and real estate, identity theft can lead to bigger problems, such as wire and title fraud.

According to Frank Abagnale, author and film subject of "Catch Me If You Can," fraudsters can steal your identity using a variety of documents and personal information, such as your Social Security number, your bank account number and your credit card number, all of which are mentioned in his Fraud Bulletin Vol. 15. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

Ramp Up Your Internet and Computer Security
At the very least, double-check that your computer has the proper security software installed and that it's up-to-date. Next, make sure you're safely navigating the internet. Don't visit unsecure websites and be careful when using your credit card to make online purchases; this is especially important for your clients. Advise them not to purchase anything or send money related to their real estate transaction unless they have confirmed it with you via phone or face-to-face conversation.

Shred Sensitive Information
It's not all about the cyber world. Title and real estate are industries that deal with a lot of paperwork. Protect your clients and yourself by shredding anything that has sensitive account or personal information on it.

Protect Your Social Security Number
Once fraudsters have your Social Security number, they are well on their way to stealing your identity. While many online applications ask for this information, you need to ensure that you're on a secure network and site before entering the number. Also, don't keep this information saved on your computer, and don't let sites auto-save it on their forms, either.

Monitor Your Credit
If something does happen and your identity is at risk, you can prevent further damage by keeping an eye on your credit score and all financial accounts. Report any unusual activity as soon as you see it, and keep a written record of everything should you need to prove your identity was stolen to fight the fraudulent charges. Keep companies that hold your financial accounts informed of the situation, as well.

If you think you may be at risk of identity theft, there are various resources at your disposal. Call the three major credit reporting agencies—Equifax®, ExperianSM and TransUnion®—and put a freeze on your accounts. According to Abagnale's bulletin, you can also reach out to the following organizations: The National Association of REALTORS® provides further tips on protecting against identity theft and cyber fraud on its page. According to NAR, always ask questions, have your name removed from credit bureau marketing lists, and click with caution when it comes to using the internet.

Adapted from a blog by Liz Dominguez on

This material is not intended to be relied upon as a statement of the law, and is not to be construed as legal, tax or investment advice. You are encouraged to consult your legal, tax or investment professional for specific advice. The material is meant for general illustration and/or informational purposes only. Although the information has been gathered from sources believed to be reliable, no representation is made as to its accuracy.

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